Đề thi IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 29/10/2016
In many countries, more and more people choose to buy imported food rather than food produced locally. Why people buy imported food?
What could be done to encourage people to buy local food?
Imported foods have gained increasing prevalence among consumers than domestic ones. Several reasons explain this trend; and some solutions can be taken to stimulate the consumption of locally manufactured products.
The main cause is the increased access to food imports. In the past, the food supplies were rather limited to some locally grown or manufactured foods, however, today because of international trade, it has become easier for people to enjoy a variety of foodstuffs from different parts of the globe. The second reason is that some foods, particularly fruits and vegetables which are unavailable in their home country, have to be imported if people want to consume them. For instance, kiwis – a type of fruit commonly grown in Western countries – have to be bought and imported from New Zealand or the US to meet the demand of Vietnamese people.
Turning to the possible solutions to encourage people to purchase more local foods, there are two possible ones. Firstly, food manufacturing companies should assure customers of the quality and taste of their products so as to make them more appetizing and wholesome. In this way, people would show more willingness to increase their spending on the local foods. Secondly, raising the prices of food imports by levying higher taxes or imposing quota can prevent excessive importation. This would increase the demand for domestic foods as few people would be able to afford imported products.
There are several underlying reasons for such a preference; and some initiatives could be taken to promote consumers’ demand for local food.
Food consumption habit profoundly impacts a nation’s agriculture industry in particular and its economy in general. However, current society has witnessed the rise to dominance of imported produce in purchase. Such phenomenon roots from the widespread of globalization as well as food hygiene condition in the country of mention.
The consumption habit has been drastically changed since the emergence of globalization, which enables the wider range of choices with exotic taste and experience, as well as quality. Mass purchases of foreign produces, especially from developed ones, beef from Australia for instance are commonly seen in the less developed as the quality is actually higher than the locally produced. The experience of trying something different than others or normally done in fact gives consumers joy and surprise, adding variety to one’s life. Another incentive for people to prefer the foreign food is the strict guarantee of food safety. A common saying caught in most parts of Vietnam and China is that the wheel of meal is the wheel of poison, accompanied with a convincing second position in cancer rate of Vietnam in the world, it is easy to understand why international products are highly welcomed and appreciated in those countries.
To agricultural countries, the vast conquer of imported groceries does great damage to their business and thus, some encouragements should be devised for its resident’s preference to return. The prominent concern of purchaser is their health. Obviously, rigorous regulations regarding secured food production must be totally complied as well as heavy punishments should be passed to avoid violation. The government at the same time should finance technological developments used in agricultural productions to help farmers increase their crop’s productivities without the abuse of artificial fertilizer as well as herbicides and pesticides. Besides, the effort to diversify should be attempted to expand the miscellany of local harvest, outnumbering the quantity offered by imported ones.
In conclusion, there has been an elevating preference for overseas comestibles previously, mainly resulting from the rise of globalization and the uneasiness concerning food security. Hence, to motivate local consumption, producers and farmers should pay more notice to safe practices of planting and diversification.
It is undoubtedly so that as international trade expands, we are more spoilt for choice with food imports. Some people choose to purchase food products from abroad as they can sometimes be cheaper, but a great way to encourage them to buy local produce is by national promotion campaigns.
People choose to purchase imported foodstuffs as some food items from abroad are cheaper than those that are locally produced. Especially in Australia, mass-produced dried foods from overseas are less pricey as compared to those locally made that are available at supermarkets. For example, dried noodles imported from South East Asian countries from brands such as Wai Wai are cheaper than Australian-produced noodles that are available at Woolworths supermarkets. For these reasons, people choose to buy imported food over locally produced food.
Promoting local food products via national campaigns are a great way to encourage people to buy local food. This has been particularly successful in South Australia. For instance, the Eat Local campaign encouraged food sellers and outlets to promote produce that was especially available in their region. By signing up this campaign, restaurants and cafes in South Australia had the opportunity to showcase locally sourced ingredients that were special to the region, subsequently encouraging them to buy the variety of food that was available regionally. Thus, promoting local food through national campaigns is a great way to motivate people to consume local produce.
In conclusion, many people choose to purchase imported food from overseas as it is more economical to do so. Yet, promoting local specialty foods are a great way to encourage the public to eat more of local food.