IELTS Writing task 2 – 20/8/2016:In some cities people are choosing cars instead of bicycles

Đề thi IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 09/07/2016

In some cities people are choosing cars instead of bicycles, while in other cities riding bikes are replacing cars. Why is this the case? Which development do you think is better?

Model Answer

1/

It is a fact that riding a bicycle is good for our health and it is an environment-friendly mode of transportation. However, it is still not favourable in many countries. The following essay will discuss some of the reasons for this trend and several suggestions that could be implemented to encourage more people to ride bicycles.

It is true that in several countries, the people do not like to use bicycles as their mode of transportation. Firstly, it is the view and the thinking of the people who still believe that bicycle is not a mode of transportation and it is only used for exercises. They think that riding a bicycle is only a sporting or recreational activity and for commuting they need to ride on busses, trains or drive their own cars. Secondly, since some governments do not provide any bicycle lane for the cyclists, people find it risky to ride bicycles in the main streets. Without the existence of the separate bicycle lane, some people think that riding a bike to work would be dangerous as they have to share the road with car commuters and motorcyclists.

There are several things that governments could do to persuade their people to ride bikes. One of the solutions is by providing separate cycling lane for public. By having a lot of bicycle lanes in the area, it is hoped that it will encourage the residents to ride bikes for their daily commuting. Another solution could be encouraging and informing people by making campaigns about the positive effects of bike riding to the societies. The promotion should be attractive and informative about the benefits of cycling to the people. Lastly, the government should also lead by examples about bike riding. One of the examples is that the government could persuade their employees to ride bicycles on a daily basis. By seeing that government authorities are riding their bike to work, it is hoped that the public will also follow the example.

In conclusion, although bike riding has become a popular mode of transportation in some countries,  but it is still not widely accepted in several other countries. It is because the mindset of the people which believe that cycling is a just a matter of sport and cycling lanes are not available in their country. The governments should make some action plans to persuade their people to ride bikes, as it is beneficial for the people and the government as well.

2/

There are some reasons why cars are popular in some cities than bikes. Firstly, compared to other types of vehicles like cars or motorbikes, it is not time efficient. It would take the bicycle riders double or triple the amount of time travelling and this is particularly inconvenient if one’s school or workplace is far away from his or her home. Therefore, when going to school or work takes hours, cycling proves an unpopular choice. Secondly, people are reluctant to pedal their bike since the air quality is not good today. City dwellers, for instance, just wish to reach their destination as quickly as possible to spare themselves from the car emissions or the dust floating in the air. Instead, they would take their motorbike or the public transit system

It is also reasonable as to why bicycles are gaining popularity in some urban areas. Pedaling is friendlier to the environment as there are no exhaust fumes to contaminate the atmosphere and no fuel is required, which would help greatly prevent the depletion of world resources and save citizens great travel expenses. Besides, travelling by bicycles barely results in traffic congestion irrespective of the amount of traffic on the roads, so citizens can save huge amounts of time travelling short distances somewhere near their houses and do not have to worry about getting stuck in the horrifying traffic

In my opinion, both approaches have their own pros and cons and there are no more superior choice, and it all depends on the extent of development of a certain country. In developing countries, possessing a car can offer citizens higher social status and admiration from others, which can raise their standard of living significantly. Meanwhile, cycling has been placed a high premium on in economically developed nations, and in these countries, cars are everyday commodities, therefore, opting for bikes can be a new trend that can not only help curb the carbon emissions but also increase the riders’ physical and mental well-being as well.

3/

It has been a while since the eco-friendly transportation bicycle was first introduced and the popularity of this transportation seems like has decreased in many countries and this could have happened due to various reasons despite the benefits bicycles offer. However, there are several ways that could be helpful to encourage the society to use cycles for their day to day requirements.
Few decades ago bicycle was used as one of the main transportations and with the invention of motorised vehicles, the popularity of cycle has decreased. A cycle was an environment-friendly mode of transportation and was far useful and convenient than walking or using animal driven transports. People could move faster with the help of a cycle and that made this vehicle quite popular in many countries. Cycles do not use any fuel, do not omit any gas, using and parking this mode of transport is very easy and it is an environment-friendly vehicle. However, when the motorised vehicle was introduced, people switched to that as it is faster and can carry more weight at a time. The safe and green mode of transport- cycle, became less popular as people started using cars for commuting.
Among some minor reasons for the unpopularity of cycles, safety of the cyclist is a significant issue. Because nowadays roads are full of motor vehicles, safety of two wheelers cannot be ensured. In additions to that, slow speed discourages many people from the use of cycles. Finally, cycles are inefficient for long distance transportation.
However, there are several key elements that should be implementing to gain back the cyclists to the road again. Firstly, governments should implement separate cycling path dedicated for the cyclist and that would ensure the safety of the cyclists. In addition to that, providing secure parking facilities will also encourage many to use cycles. Restriction on car ownership and increasing the price of fuel would encourage many to use cycle instead of driving cars. Registration process for owning a cycle should be very easy and people who use green mode of transportation should be awarded in different ways. Finally, awareness campaigns to educate people about the health and environment benefits of using bicycle could be a great step to motivate more people to use it daily.

To conclude, a government has a great role to play to motivate its citizens to use bicycles and this would guarantee a green environment and healthier citizens to the country

17 Tháng Năm, 2017

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