Đề thi IELTS Writing task 2 – 18/06/2016
Cycling is more environmentally friendly than other forms of transport. Why is it not popular in many places? How can its popularity be increased?
Introduction: introduce topic, agree that cycling is environmentally friendly. Need to consider why it is not more popular and what we can do to make it more popular.
Paragraph 2: answer first question:
topic sentence: there are reasons why cycling is not more popular.
Idea (1) need to be fit to cycle – support idea: goint up hills, bad weather
Idea (2) danger of using busy roads – support idea: children cycling to school
Idea (3) cycling takes longer than using a car – support idea: people have busy lives and are always in a hurry
(1) Paragraph 3: answer second question:
topic sentence: it is easy to make cycling more popular
Idea (1) people can improve their fitness – support idea: begin with cycling short distances
Idea (2) campaigns to promote health benefits of cycling – support idea: workplaces provide facilities to encourage employees to cycle to work
Idea (3) discourage motorists and encourage cyclists – support idea: congestion charge for cars, cycle lanes for cyclists
Conclusion: we can encourage more people to travel by bike.
It is obvious that cycling is more eco-friendly than other forms of private transport. There are some reasons for this trend and some effective measures can be taken to overcome the reluctance of the public to use bikes and to make the bicycle a more popular means of transport
There are several reasons why cycling as an activity is not more popular. Firstly, cycling demands a reasonable level of physical fitness to cope with a journey of any length, going up hills and perhaps confronting biting winds and rain. Secondly, many people are put off cycling by the danger of using busy roads.Although many children used to cycle to school, the roads were much less hazardous than fifty years ago, and today cyclists have to confront heavy traffic. Finally, journeys by bike generally take longer than travelling by car, which is a major factor in the busy and stressful lives which most people seem to lead nowadays.
With a little public and private initiative, the popularity of cycling could easily be increased. Anyone can build up their fitness, beginning with using a bike for short journeys to school, to work or to the shops. Campaigns in the media, in schools and workplaces could promote the health benefits of cycling, and offices and factories should provide changing facilities and hot showers for employees arriving cold or wet by bike. Authorities must discourage motorists from using their cars by introducing congestion charges, as in London, reducing traffic on the roads and encouraging more people to use bikes. If more city cycle lanes are also constructed, these will keep cyclists safe and speed up journey times.
In conclusion, with planning and investment it should be possible to increase the popularity of cycling, especially for all those short trips to work or school..
-eco-friendly: (thân thiện với môi trường) (adjective) not harmful to the environment.
Example: There are now eco-friendly washing powders on the market for washing your clothes.
-reluctance: (sự miễn cưỡng, bất đắc dĩ) (noun) the feeling of not wanting to do something.
Example: She had always loved her job as a teacher and when she finally retired it was with great reluctance.
-cope with: (ứng phó) (phrasal verb) deal successfully with something difficult.
Example: He was unable to cope with the stress of teaching, so he decided to look for a new job.
-of any length: (ở mọi độ dài) (expression) of any considerable/significant distance or time.
Example: I cannot take a bus journey of any length without feeling sick.
-confront: (đối đầu) (verb) deal with a problem or difficult situation
Example: They had to confront many dangers during their journey across the desert.
-biting winds: (gió buốt) (expression) winds that are very cold and unpleasant.
Example: Travelling in the Antarctic, the early explorers had to confront biting winds and freezing temperatures.
-put off: (từ bỏ) (phrasal verb) make somebody lose interest or enthusiasm for something.
Example: He was put off learning to drive because of the number of accidents on the roads.
-initiative: (sáng kiến) (noun) a new plan for dealing with something, such as a problem.
Example: The government has adopted several initiatives to deal with unemployment.
-build up: (xây dựng) (phrasal verb) to make yourself/make somebody healthier and stronger.
Example: After the operation, she ate lots of fruit and vegetables to build up her strength.
-congestion charges: (phí làm tắc nghẽn giao thông) (noun) money that you have to pay in order to drive into a city centre.
Example: The congestion charges in London have been unpopular with motorists.
-speed up: (tăng tốc) (phrasal verb) make something move or happen more quickly.
Example: The company decided to speed up the production of their new phone.
Xem thêm đề thi ngày 16/6/2016